Glossary

action
A defined task that an application performs on a managed object as a result of an event, such as a host screen matching the screen recognition criteria specified for a screen event. A list of actions is part of the definition of each event.
ADB
See application data buffer.
administrative console
The ZIETrans administrative console is a Web-based utility that provides views and functions to manage licenses and connections, set log and trace settings, view messages and traces, and perform problem determination for ZIETrans Web applications.
application
See ZIETrans application.
application event
A ZIETrans event that is triggered by state changes in the application's life cycle. Examples of application events include a user first accessing a ZIETrans application (a Start event), or an application encountering an unrecognized screen (an Unmatched Screen event).
application keypad
A set of buttons or links representing ZIETrans application-level functions. (Contrast with host keypad.)
artifact
See resource
background connection
Any connection defined in a ZIETrans application other than the default connection. ZIETrans does not transform screens from background connections. (Contrast with default connection.)
BMS map
A screen definition file used with Basic Mapping Support in CICS. A BMS map defines a set of fields which are to be displayed as a group by a CICS application
business logic
Java code that performs advanced functions, such as interacting with other applications, databases, or other systems accessible via Java APIs. Business logic is invoked as an action in an application or screen event.
checkin screen
The screen identifying the host screen that should be active for a connection to be considered ready to be returned to the connection pool. If the application is not on the screen specified by the checkin screen, the connection will be discarded or recycled in attempt to return the connection to the host screen specified by the checkin screen. The checkin screen is only meaningful if connection pooling is specified for a connection.
component
A visual element of a host screen, such as a command line, function key, or selection list. ZIETrans applications transform host components into widgets.
connection
A set of parameters used by ZIETrans, stored in an .hco file, to connect to a host application. (See also default connection and background connection.)
connection pool
A group of host connections that are maintained in an initialized state, ready to be used without having to create and initialize them.
credential mapper
The component of Web Express Logon that handles requests for host credentials, which have been previously authenticated by a network security layer. (See network security layer.)
DDS map
Data Description Specification map. These maps define the layout and behavior of the presentation space for IBM i terminal applications.
Debug on Server
For Web projects, the same as Run on Server, and in addition enables you to:
default connection
The connection on which ZIETrans transforms and presents host application screens to the user. Also referred to as transformation connection. (Contrast with background connection.)
default rendering
The method used by ZIETrans to render parts of the host screen for which no specific transformation is specified.
deploy
To make a ZIETrans application ready for use in a runtime environment. For ZIETrans Web applications, this includes exporting the ZIETrans project as a Java EE application, that is, as an .ear file, and installing it on WebSphere Application Server.
descriptor
See screen recognition criteria.
developer
The person who uses ZIETrans Toolkit to develop applications; also application developer or Web developer. (Contrast with user.)
display terminal
A terminal window that displays host screens you can use while testing and debugging to observe interactions between a ZIETrans application and a host application at runtime. You can also interact with the host application using host screens in the terminal window.
Eclipse
An open-source initiative that provides ISVs and other tool developers with a standard platform for developing plug-compatible application development tools. Eclipse is available for download from http://www.eclipse.org.
editor
An application that enables a user to modify existing data. In ZIETrans Toolkit, editors are used to customize resources that have been created by wizards.
Enhanced Non-Programmable Terminal User Interface (ENPTUI)
Enables an enhanced interface on non-programmable terminals (NPT) and programmable work stations (PWS) over the 5250 full-screen menu-driven interface, taking advantage of 5250 display data stream extensions.
enterprise archive (EAR)
A specialized Java archive (JAR) file, defined by the Java EE standard used to deploy Java EE applications to Java EE application servers. An EAR file contains enterprise beans, a deployment descriptor, and Web archive (WAR) files for individual Web applications. (Sun)
Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB)
A component architecture defined by Oracle for the development and deployment of object-oriented, distributed, enterprise-level applications. (Oracle)
event
A ZIETrans resource that performs a set of actions based on a certain state being reached. There are two types of ZIETrans events, application events and screen events.
export
To collect the resources of a ZIETrans project, along with the necessary executable code, into an application EAR file (for Web applications) in preparation for deploying the application.
Extensible Markup Language (XML)
A standard metalanguage for defining markup languages that was derived from and is a subset of SGML.
GB18030
GB18030 is a new Chinese character encoding standard. GB18030 has 1.6 million valid byte sequences and encodes characters in sequences of one, two, or four bytes.
global rule
A rule defining how the rendering of specific input fields should be modified based on certain criteria. Global rules are used in customized screens and screens rendered using default rendering. Global rules can be defined at the project level or at the screen event level.
global variable
A variable used to contain information for the use of actions. The values of global variables can be extracted from a host screen or elsewhere, and can be used in templates, transformations, macros, Integration Objects, or business logic. A global variable can be a single value or an array, and it can be shared with other ZIETrans applications sharing the same browser session.
ZIETrans
See Z and I Emulator for Transformation.
ZIETrans application
An application that presents a version of a host application to users, either as a Web-enabled application deployed to WebSphere Application Server. A ZIETrans application is created in ZIETrans Toolkit from a ZIETrans project and deployed to the applicable environment. The deployed application might interact with other host or e-business applications to present combined information to a user.
ZIETrans EJB project
A project that contains the ZIETrans EJB and Integration Objects that other applications can use to get host data. A ZIETrans EJB project does not present transformed screens from a host application.
ZIETrans entry servlet
The servlet that is processed when a user starts a ZIETrans Web application in a browser.
ZIETrans project
A collection of ZIETrans resources (also called artifacts), created using ZIETrans Toolkit wizards and customized using ZIETrans Toolkit editors, which can be exported to a ZIETrans application.
ZIETrans Toolkit
The component of ZIETrans that runs on Rational SDP and enables you to work with ZIETrans projects to create ZIETrans applications.
Z and I Emulator for Transformation (ZIETrans)
An HCL software set of tools which provides Web-based access to host-based applications and data sources.
host component
See component.
host keypad
A set of buttons or links representing functions typically available from a host keyboard, such as function keys or the Enter key. (Contrast with application keypad.)
host simulation
Host simulation enables you to record host simulation trace files that can be saved and then used instead of a live host connection. The recorded trace files can be played back to create screen captures, screen events, and screen transformations using the host terminal function, create and test macros using the host terminal function, test ZIETrans applications using the Rational SDP local test environment, and, along with other traces and logs, aid in troubleshooting a failing scenario in a runtime environment.
host simulation trace
Host simulation trace files record host screens and transactions that can be saved and played back later instead of using a live host connection. Trace files can be recorded using the host terminal function or while in the runtime environment.
host terminal
A ZIETrans Toolkit tool. A session tied to a particular ZIETrans connection, which the ZIETrans developer can use to capture screens, create screen customizations, and record macros.
HTML
Hypertext Markup Language.
HTML widget
See widget
Integration Object
A Java bean that encapsulates an interaction with a host screen or a series of host screens. Integration Objects are constructed from macros and can be included in traditional (WSDL-based) Web services, RESTful Web services, or ZIETrans EJB projects.
interoperability
The ability of a computer or program to work with other computers or programs.
Java Platform, Enterprise Edition (Java EE)
An environment for developing and deploying enterprise applications, defined by Oracle. The Java EE platform consists of a set of services, application programming interfaces (APIs), and protocols that provide the functionality for developing multitiered, Web-based applications. (Oracle)
JavaServer Faces (JSF)
A framework for building Web-based user interfaces in Java. Web developers can build applications by placing reusable UI components on a page, connecting the components to an application data source, and wiring client events to server event handlers. (Oracle)
JavaServer Pages (JSP)
A server-side scripting technology that enables Java code to be dynamically embedded within Web pages (HTML files) and run when the page is served, returning dynamic content to a client. (Oracle)
JavaServer Pages Standard Tag Library (JSTL)
A standard tag library that provides support for common, structural tasks, such as: iteration and conditionals, processing XML documents, internationalization, and database access using the Structured Query Language (SQL). (Oracle)
JSF
See JavaServer Faces.
JSP
See JavaServer Pages.
JSTL
See JavaServer Pages Standard Tag Library.
keyboard support
The ability for a developer to enable a user to use a physical keyboard to interact with the host when the application is running in a Web browser. The developer also decides whether to include a host keypad, an application keypad, or both, in a project. If keypads are included, the developer decides which keys are included and how those keys and the keypad appear in the client interface.
keypad support
The ability for a developer to enable a user to interact with the host as if the physical keys on a keyboard were pressed, or to perform tasks related to the application, such as viewing their print jobs or refreshing the screen. See also application keypad and host keypad.
Lotus Expeditor Client
A standalone client of the Lotus Expeditor product. It is installed on a user or development machine.
Lotus Notes Client
A standalone client of the Lotus Notes product. It is installed on a user or development machine.
macro
A macro, stored in a .hma file, automates interactions with the host. It can send commands to the host, enter data into entry fields, extract data from the host, and be used to navigate screens on behalf of the user.
Model 1 Web pages
A single JSP that contains the information to be presented to the user, formatting tags that specify how the information is displayed, and logic that controls the order in which pages are displayed. (Contrast with Struts Web pages.)
network security layer
Software that is responsible for authenticating users and authorizing them to access network resources, such as IBM Tivoli Access Manager.
Operator Information Area (OIA)
OIA is the area at the bottom of the host session screen where session indicators and messages appear. Session indicators show information about the workstation, host system, and connectivity.
perspective
In the Rational SDP workbench, a group of views that show various aspects of the resources in the workbench. The ZIETrans perspective is a collection of views and editors that allow a developer to create, edit, view, and run resources which belong to ZIETrans applications.
pooling
See connection pool.
portal
An integrated Web site that dynamically produces a customized list of Web resources, such as links, content, or services, available to a specific user, based on the access permissions for the particular user.
print support
The ability for a developer to specify a printer session to be associated with a host session, and enable the user to view host application print jobs, send them to a printer, or save them to disk. Print support is available only for the default connection
Profile on Server
For Web projects, the same as Run on Server, and in addition enables you to locate the operations that require the most time, and identify actions that are repeated, to eliminate redundancy. You can use this function for performance analysis, helping you to get a better understanding of your application.
project
A collection of ZIETrans resources (also called artifacts) that are created using ZIETrans Toolkit wizards and customized using ZIETrans Toolkit editors. These resources are exported as a ZIETrans application. Types of ZIETrans projects include Web, EJB and for purposes of administering ZIETrans Web (including EJB) applications, ZIETrans administrative console projects. See ZIETrans project or ZIETrans EJB project.
Rational Software Delivery Platform (Rational SDP)
A family of IBM software products that are based on the Eclipse open-source platform and provide a consistent set of tools for developing e-business applications.
rendering set
A rendering set is configured by creating a prioritized list of rendering items. Each rendering item defines a specific region in which a specified host component is recognized and then rendered using a specified widget.
resource
Any of several data structures included in a ZIETrans project. ZIETrans resources include templates, screen events, transformations, screen captures, connections, and macros. Other Rational SDP plug-ins sometimes call these "artifacts."
RESTful Web service
See Web service, RESTful.
Run on Server
For Web projects, a function in Rational SDP that enables you to test your ZIETrans Web projects in a WebSphere Application Server as appropriate. In this mode you can modify and test the runtime settings, defined in the runtime.properties file, that are deployed to the runtime environment. Be aware that any changes made to the runtime settings while testing in this mode are retained and become effective when you deploy the ZIETrans application to a runtime environment.
runtime settings
Log, trace, and problem determination settings defined in the runtime.properties file that are deployed to the runtime environment.
screen capture
An XML representation of a host screen, stored in a .hsc file, used to create or customize a screen customization, screen combination, transformation, global rule, or macro. Screen captures are useful because they enable you to develop a ZIETrans project even when not connected to the host. They are also useful in creating macros which are the core of ZIETrans Integration Object and Web services support.

Screen captures of video terminal (VT) host screens can be used to create or customize a macro using the Visual Macro Editor and as the check-in screen when configuring pooling. They cannot be used to create screen customizations, screen combinations, transformations, default rendering, or global rules.

screen combination
A type of ZIETrans screen event designed to gather output data from consecutive, similar host screens, combine it, and display it in a single output page. The screen combination definition, stored in a .evnt file, includes a set of screen recognition criteria for both the beginning and ending screens to be combined, how to navigate from screen to screen, and the component and widget to use to recognize and render the data gathered from each screen.
screen customization
A type of screen event designed to perform a set of actions when a host screen is recognized. A screen customization definition, stored in a .evnt file, includes a set of criteria for matching host screens, and actions to be taken when a host screen matches these criteria.
screen event
A ZIETrans event that is triggered when a host screen is recognized by matching specific screen recognition criteria. There are two types of screen events, screen customizations and screen combinations.
screen recognition criteria
A set of criteria that ZIETrans uses to match one or more screens. When a host displays a screen, ZIETrans searches to determine whether the current host screen matches any of the screen recognition criteria defined for any screen event in your project. If ZIETrans finds a match, the defined actions for the screen event are performed.

Screen recognition criteria are also used in the process of recording a macro; in this context they are sometimes called descriptors.

Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)
A security protocol that provides communication privacy. SSL enables client/server applications to communicate in a way that is designed to prevent eavesdropping, tampering, and message forgery. SSL was developed by Netscape Communications Corp. and RSA Data Security, Inc.
source
The files containing the markup language that define a ZIETrans project or one of its resources. Also the name of a folder contained in each ZIETrans project.
SSL
See Secure Sockets Layer.
Standard Widget Toolkit (SWT)
An Eclipse toolkit for Java developers that defines a common, portable, user interface API that uses the native widgets of the underlying operating system.
Struts Web pages
Web pages built using the Apache Software Foundation's Struts open-source framework for creating Java web applications. This method of building Web pages creates class files that set values and contain getters and setters, input and output JSPs, and a Web diagram to display the flow and logic of the Web pages. (Contrast with Model 1 Web pages.)
SWT
See Standard Widget Toolkit.
template
A template, stored in a .jsp file (for Web projects), controls the basic layout and style, such as color and font, of the application. It also defines the appearance of areas that are common in your GUI, such as a banner and a navigation area.
text replacement
A ZIETrans function used to transform text on a host system into images, HTML code, or other text on a ZIETrans screen transformation,
theme
A theme groups a set of common appearance and behavior characteristics for a project. These attributes can be individually modified later.
transfer
To copy an application EAR file to the server, typically by FTP.
transformation
A transformation stored in a .jsp file (for Web projects) defines how host components should be extracted and displayed using widgets in your GUI.
transformation connection
See default connection.
transformation fragment
A ZIETrans resource that contains the content with which to replace all occurrences of a pattern in any given transformation.
Unicode
A universal character encoding standard that supports the interchange, processing, and display of text that is written in any of the languages of the modern world. It also supports many classical and historical texts in a number of languages. The Unicode standard has a 16-bit international character set defined by ISO 10646.
user
Any person, organization, process, device, program, protocol, or system that uses the services of a computing system.
user list
A list containing information about accounts (user IDs) that a ZIETrans application can use to access a host or database. User lists contain user IDs, passwords, and descriptions for the accounts.
UTF-8
Unicode Transformation Format, 8-bit encoding form, which is designed for ease of use with existing ASCII-based systems.
Web archive (WAR)
A compressed file format, defined by the Java EE standard, for storing all the resources required to install and run a Web application in a single file.
Web Express Logon (WEL)
A ZIETrans feature that enables users to log onto several hosts using a set of credentials that are authenticated by a network security layer. (See network security layer.)
Web service
A self-contained, self-describing modular application that can be published and invoked over a network using standard network protocols.
Web service, RESTful
A Web service that uses a stateless architecture and is viewed as a resource rather than a function call. Well-formatted URIs are used to identify the Web service resource, HTTP method protocols are used to do create, retrieve, update, and delete (CRUD) activities, and HTTP header information is used to define the message format.
Web service, traditional, WSDL-based
A Web service where typically, XML is used to tag data, SOAP is used to transfer data, WSDL is used for describing the services available, and UDDI is used for listing what services are available.
WebSphere
An IBM brand name that encompasses tools for developing e-business applications and middleware for running Web applications. Sometimes used as a short name for WebSphere Application Server, which represents the runtime half of the WebSphere family of products.
WebSphere Application Server
Web application server software that runs on a Web server and that can be used to deploy, integrate, run, and manage e-business applications. ZIETrans applications, when exported and transferred to a server, run as WebSphere Application Server applications.
WEL
See Web Express Logon.
widget
A reusable user interface component such as a button, scrollbar, control area, or text edit area, that can receive input from the keyboard or mouse and can communicate with an application or with another widget. ZIETrans applications transform host components into widgets.
wizard
An active form of help that guides users through each step of a particular task.
workbench
The user interface and integrated development environment (IDE) in Eclipse-based products such as Rational SDP.
XML
See Extensible Markup Language.

Various Java definitions reprinted with permission from Oracle.